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MySQL | DATE_FORMAT method

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Date and Time
schedule Jul 1, 2022
Last updated
local_offer MySQL
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MySQL's DATE_FORMAT(~) method returns a date or datetime formatted according to the provided format.

Parameters

1. date | date/datetime

The date or datetime to format.

2. format | string

The format to use for formatting.

Refer to 'List of formatting types' at the bottom of page.

Return value

The formatted date.

Examples

To return date with weekday name, day of month with English suffix, month name and 4 digit year:

SELECT DATE_FORMAT('2020-04-26 21:53:00', '%W %D %M %Y');
+---------------------------------------------------+
| DATE_FORMAT('2020-04-26 21:53:00', '%W %D %M %Y') |
+---------------------------------------------------+
| Sunday 26th April 2020 |
+---------------------------------------------------+

To return date with abbreviated weekday name, day of month, abbreviated month name and 2 digit year:

SELECT DATE_FORMAT('2020-04-26 21:53:00','%a %d %b %y');
+--------------------------------------------------+
| DATE_FORMAT('2020-04-26 21:53:00','%a %d %b %y') |
+--------------------------------------------------+
| Sun 26 Apr 20 |
+--------------------------------------------------+

List of formatting types

Below is a table with a list of valid formatting types:

Specifier

Description

%a

Abbreviated weekday name (Sun..Sat)

%b

Abbreviated month name (Jan..Dec)

%c

Month, numeric (0..12)

%D

Day of the month with English suffix (0th, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, …)

%d

Day of the month, numeric (00..31)

%e

Day of the month, numeric (0..31)

%f

Microseconds (000000..999999)

%H

Hour (00..23)

%h

Hour (01..12)

%I

Hour (01..12)

%i

Minutes, numeric (00..59)

%j

Day of year (001..366)

%k

Hour (0..23)

%l

Hour (1..12)

%M

Month name (January..December)

%m

Month, numeric (00..12)

%p

AM or PM

%r

Time, 12-hour (hh:mm:ss followed by AM or PM)

%S

Seconds (00..59)

%s

Seconds (00..59)

%T

Time, 24-hour (hh:mm:ss)

%U

Week (00..53), where Sunday is the first day of the week; WEEK() mode 0

%u

Week (00..53), where Monday is the first day of the week; WEEK() mode 1

Week (01..53), where Sunday is the first day of the week; WEEK() mode 2; used with %X

%v

Week (01..53), where Monday is the first day of the week; WEEK() mode 3; used with %x

%W

Weekday name (Sunday..Saturday)

%w

Day of the week (0=Sunday..6=Saturday)

%X

Year for the week where Sunday is the first day of the week, numeric, four digits; used with %V

%x

Year for the week, where Monday is the first day of the week, numeric, four digits; used with %v

%Y

Year, numeric, four digits

%y

Year, numeric (two digits)

A literal % character

robocat
Published by Arthur Yanagisawa
Edited by 0 others
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