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Splitting a string in Python

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Python
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schedule Jul 1, 2022
Last updated
local_offer Python
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We can split a string by delimiter in Python using the str.split(~) method. We can alternatively use str.splitlines(~) to split by line breaks.

Examples

Basic

To split a string using whitespace as the delimiter:

s ='this is a sentence'
s.split()
['this', 'is', 'a', 'sentence']

The default separator is whitespace hence the string is split into four parts and returned as elements of a list.

To split using a delimiter other than whitespace:

s ='this,is,a,sentence'
s.split(',')
['this', 'is', 'a', 'sentence']

Split by line break

Unix OS (including Mac) uses \n (LF) while Windows OS uses \r\n (CR + LF) for line breaks. As str.split(~) only takes on a single sep argument, it is recommended to use str.splitlines(~) to split by line break:

s = 'hi\nthis\r\nis \nskytowner'
['hi', 'this', 'is ', 'skytowner']
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Published by Arthur Yanagisawa
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