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Python String | encode method

Operations
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String Operations
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Documentation
schedule Jul 1, 2022
Last updated
local_offer Python
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Python's str.encode(~) method encodes the string with the specified encoding. The default is to encode using UTF-8.

Parameters

1. encoding | encoding type | optional

The type of encoding to use. Default is UTF-8.

2. errorslink | error method | optional

Specifies how to handle errors. Default is strict.

Type

Description

strict

Raise UnicodeError upon encoding failure.

ignore

Ignore the malformed data and continue without further notice.

replace

Replace with a suitable replacement marker; for encoding this is '?'

xmlcharrefreplace

Replace with the appropriate XML character reference.

backslashreplace

Replace with backslashed escape sequences.

namereplace

Replace with \N{...} escape sequences.

Return value

Encoded version of the string as a bytes object.

Examples

Encoding parameter

To encode 'marché' using UTF-8:

x = 'marché'
x.encode()
b'march\xc3\xa9'

The UTF-8 encoding for é is represented as \xc3\xa9 where \x indicates hexadecimal representation.

Errors parameter

To encode 'marché' using ascii encoding and 'replace' error method:

y = 'marché'
y.encode('ascii','replace')
b'march?'

It is not possible to represent é in ASCII hence '?' replacement marker is used instead of raising an error.

To encode 'marché' using ascii encoding and 'strict' error method (default):

z = 'marché'
z.encode('ascii')
UnicodeEncodeError: 'ascii' codec can't encode character '\xe9' in position 5

A UnicodeEncodeError is raised as it is not possible to represent é in ASCII.

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Published by Isshin Inada
Edited by 0 others
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