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Deleting a bucket in Google Cloud Storage using Python

Cloud Computing
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Google Cloud Platform
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Cloud Storage
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Python client library
schedule Jul 1, 2022
Last updated
local_offer Cloud Computing
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tocTable of Contents
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Prerequisites

To follow along with this guide, please make sure to have:

  • created a service account and downloaded the private key (JSON file) for authentication (please check out my detailed guide)

  • installed the Python client library for Google Cloud Storage:

    pip install --upgrade google-cloud-storage

Deleting bucket in Google Cloud Storage

To delete a bucket that contains some files in Google Cloud Storage using Python, use the bucket's delete(~) method:

from google.cloud import storage

# Authenticate ourselves using the private key of our service account
path_to_private_key = './gcs-project-354207-099ef6796af6.json'
client = storage.Client.from_service_account_json(json_credentials_path=path_to_private_key)
# The bucket to delete
bucket = client.get_bucket('test-bucket-skytowner')
bucket.delete(force=True)

Note that by default force=False, which means that the bucket will be deleted only if it is empty. If the bucket contains some files, then an error will be thrown:

from google.cloud import storage

path_to_private_key = './gcs-project-354207-099ef6796af6.json'
client = storage.Client.from_service_account_json(json_credentials_path=path_to_private_key)
bucket = client.get_bucket('test-bucket-skytowner')
bucket.delete()
Conflict: 409 DELETE https://storage.googleapis.com/storage/v1/b/test-bucket-skytowner?prettyPrint=false:
The bucket you tried to delete is not empty.

By setting force=True, all the files in the bucket will be deleted first, and then the bucket will be deleted.

WARNING

Even with the argument force=True, if the bucket contains more than 256 files, then GCS will not delete any files, let alone the bucket. This is because GCS cannot perform long-running operations. The way to delete buckets with more than 256 files is to iterate over all the files in the bucket and delete each file one by one:

blobs = client.list_blobs('test-bucket-skytowner')
for blob in blobs:
print(f'Deleting file {blob.name}')
blob.delete()

# Now that all the files have been deleted, we can delete our empty bucket
bucket = client.get_bucket('test-bucket-skytowner')
bucket.delete()
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Published by Isshin Inada
Edited by 0 others
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