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# MySQL | NOT IN

schedule Aug 12, 2023
Last updated
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MySQL
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MySQL's `NOT IN` operator returns `1` (true) if the value is not equal to any of the values provided in the `NOT IN` list, otherwise it returns `0` (false).

# Syntax

``` SELECT value NOT IN (value1, value2, value3, ...);SELECT column_name(s)FROM table_nameWHERE column_name NOT IN (value1, value2, ...); ```

# Examples

Consider the following table about some students:

student_id

fname

lname

day_enrolled

age

1

Sky

Towner

2015-12-03

17

stowner1

2

Ben

Davis

2016-04-20

19

bdavis2

3

Travis

Apple

2018-08-14

18

tapple3

4

Arthur

David

2016-04-01

16

5

Benjamin

Town

2014-01-01

17

btown5

The above sample table can be created using the code here.

## Basic usage

To check whether `4` is not one of the listed winning numbers:

``` SELECT 4 NOT IN (0, 6, 10, 14); +----------------------+| 4 NOT IN (0,6,10,14) |+----------------------+| 1 |+----------------------+ ```

We return `1` (true) as `4` indeed is not one of the winning numbers `0`, `6`, `10` and `14`.

To retrieve students who are neither `16`, `17`, nor `18`:

``` SELECT *FROM students WHERE age NOT IN (16, 17, 18); +------------+-------+-------+--------------+------+----------+| student_id | fname | lname | day_enrolled | age | username |+------------+-------+-------+--------------+------+----------+| 2 | Ben | Davis | 2016-04-20 | 19 | bdavis2 |+------------+-------+-------+--------------+------+----------+ ```

We return Ben Davis as he is the only student who is not `16`, `17` or `18` years old.

Edited by 0 others
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