search
Search
Join our weekly DS/ML newsletter layers DS/ML Guides
menu
menu search toc more_vert
Robocat
Guest 0reps
Thanks for the thanks!
close
Comments
Log in or sign up
Cancel
Post
account_circle
Profile
exit_to_app
Sign out
help Ask a question
Share on Twitter
search
keyboard_voice
close
Searching Tips
Search for a recipe:
"Creating a table in MySQL"
Search for an API documentation: "@append"
Search for code: "!dataframe"
Apply a tag filter: "#python"
Useful Shortcuts
/ to open search panel
Esc to close search panel
to navigate between search results
d to clear all current filters
Enter to expand content preview
icon_star
Doc Search
icon_star
Code Search Beta
SORRY NOTHING FOUND!
mic
Start speaking...
Voice search is only supported in Safari and Chrome.
Navigate to
A
A
brightness_medium
share
arrow_backShare
Twitter
Facebook
0
thumb_down
0
chat_bubble_outline
0
auto_stories new
settings

MySQL | LIKE

Database
chevron_right
MySQL
chevron_right
Documentation
chevron_right
Operators
schedule Jul 1, 2022
Last updated
local_offer MySQL
Tags

MySQL's LIKE operator can be used to search for values with a particular string pattern. There are two wildcards that we can use with the LIKE operator: % (percent) and _ (underscore).

Wildcard

Description

%

Takes the place of zero, one or multiple characters

_

Takes the place of one character

Syntax

SELECT column_name(s)
FROM table_name
WHERE column_name LIKE value;

Examples

Consider the following table about some students:

student_id

fname

lname

day_enrolled

age

username

1

Sky

Towner

2015-12-03

17

stowner1

2

Ben

Davis

2016-04-20

19

bdavis2

3

Travis

Apple

2018-08-14

18

tapple3

4

Arthur

David

2016-04-01

16

adavid4

5

Benjamin

Town

2014-01-01

17

btown5

The above sample table can be created using the code here.

Percentage wildcard

To return all students whose lname starts with 'Dav':

SELECT * FROM students WHERE lname LIKE 'Dav%';
+------------+--------+-------+--------------+------+----------+
| student_id | fname | lname | day_enrolled | age | username |
+------------+--------+-------+--------------+------+----------+
| 2 | Ben | Davis | 2016-04-20 | 19 | bdavis2 |
| 4 | Arthur | David | 2016-04-01 | 16 | adavid4 |
+------------+--------+-------+--------------+------+----------+

Note that the % represents any number of characters after 'Dav'.

To return all usernames that contain 'dav':

SELECT * FROM students WHERE username LIKE '%dav%';
+------------+--------+-------+--------------+------+----------+
| student_id | fname | lname | day_enrolled | age | username |
+------------+--------+-------+--------------+------+----------+
| 2 | Ben | Davis | 2016-04-20 | 19 | bdavis2 |
| 4 | Arthur | David | 2016-04-01 | 16 | adavid4 |
+------------+--------+-------+--------------+------+----------+

Placing % at the start and end allows for a double ended search.

LIKE is not synonymous to contains. For instance:

SELECT * FROM students WHERE lname LIKE 'Dav';
Empty set (0.00 sec)

Even though last names 'Davis' and 'David' contain 'Dav', they are not returned without the wildcard.

Underscore wildcard

To return students with three letter first names that begin with an 'S' and end with a 'y':

SELECT * FROM students WHERE fname LIKE 'S_y';
+------------+-------+--------+--------------+------+----------+
| student_id | fname | lname | day_enrolled | age | username |
+------------+-------+--------+--------------+------+----------+
| 1 | Sky | Towner | 2015-12-03 | 17 | stowner1 |
+------------+-------+--------+--------------+------+----------+

Here, the second character in the three character fname can be anything. However, the first character must be 'S' and third character must be 'y'.

Combining wildcards

To return students whose username has 't' as the second character:

SELECT * FROM students WHERE username LIKE '_t%';
+------------+----------+--------+--------------+------+----------+
| student_id | fname | lname | day_enrolled | age | username |
+------------+----------+--------+--------------+------+----------+
| 1 | Sky | Towner | 2015-12-03 | 17 | stowner1 |
| 5 | Benjamin | Town | 2014-01-01 | 17 | btown5 |
+------------+----------+--------+--------------+------+----------+
mail
Join our newsletter for updates on new DS/ML comprehensive guides (spam-free)
robocat
Published by Arthur Yanagisawa
Edited by 0 others
Did you find this page useful?
Ask a question or leave a feedback...
0
thumb_down
0
chat_bubble_outline
0
settings
Enjoy our search
Hit / to insta-search docs and recipes!