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# Accessing an item in a list in Python

schedule Aug 11, 2023
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We can access an item in a list in Python using index notation. If we only know the value of the item in a list, we can use the `index(~)` method to locate its corresponding index position.

# Examples

## Access an element using index notation

Consider the following list:

``` letters = ['a', 'b', 'c'] ```

We can print the second item in the list by:

``` print(letters[1]) b ```

Note that in Python, indexing starts at 0 and not 1. Therefore the first item in the `letters` list would be accessed by `letters[0]`.

## Locating index position

To locate the index position of element `'c'`:

``` letters.index('c') 2 ```

Now we can retrieve `'c'` from the list without initially knowing its index position:

``` letters[letters.index('c')] 'c' ```
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