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# Python Datetime | strftime method

schedule Mar 5, 2023
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Python
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Python’s `datetime.strftime()` method converts a given date, time or datetime object into a string. `strftime()` is read as string format time.

# Parameters

1. `format` | `format code`

The format of the string provided. Refer to the belowlink for list of valid format codes.

# Return value

A string representing date, time or date and time.

# Examples

To convert a date object given according to `"%Y/%-m/%-d"` format to a string:

``` from datetime import date#Initiate a date objectd = date(2020, 1, 3)#Convert the date object to a stringstring_d = d.strftime("%Y/%-m/%-d")print(string_d) 2020/1/3 ```

Note that adding a hyphen (`-`) between the `%` and `m`, `d` in the format string removes the leading zero from output string.

# List of Format Codes

The below tables provides information of the various directives used for expressing date formats:

Directive

Meaning

Example

`%a`

Weekday as locale’s abbreviated name.

Sun, Mon, …, Sat (en_US);

So, Mo, …, Sa (de_DE)

`%A`

Weekday as locale’s full name.

Sunday, Monday, …, Saturday (en_US);

Sonntag, Montag, …, Samstag (de_DE)

`%w`

Weekday as a decimal number, where 0 is Sunday and 6 is Saturday.

0, 1, …, 6

`%d`

Day of the month as a zero-padded decimal number.

01, 02, …, 31

`%b`

Month as locale’s abbreviated name.

Jan, Feb, …, Dec (en_US);

Jan, Feb, …, Dez (de_DE)

`%B`

Month as locale’s full name.

January, February, …, December (en_US);

Januar, Februar, …, Dezember (de_DE)

`%m`

Month as a zero-padded decimal number.

01, 02, …, 12

`%y`

Year without century as a zero-padded decimal number.

00, 01, …, 99

`%Y`

Year with century as a decimal number.

0001, 0002, …, 2013, 2014, …, 9998, 9999

`%H`

Hour (24-hour clock) as a zero-padded decimal number.

00, 01, …, 23

`%I`

Hour (12-hour clock) as a zero-padded decimal number.

01, 02, …, 12

`%p`

Locale’s equivalent of either AM or PM.

AM, PM (en_US);am, pm (de_DE)

`%M`

Minute as a zero-padded decimal number.

00, 01, …, 59

`%S`

Second as a zero-padded decimal number.

00, 01, …, 59

`%f`

Microsecond as a decimal number, zero-padded on the left.

000000, 000001, …, 999999

`%z`

UTC offset in the form ±HHMM[SS[.ffffff]] (empty string if the object is naive).

(empty), +0000, -0400, +1030, +063415, -030712.345216

`%Z`

Time zone name (empty string if the object is naive).

(empty), UTC, EST, CST

`%j`

Day of the year as a zero-padded decimal number.

001, 002, …, 366

`%U`

Week number of the year (Sunday as the first day of the week) as a zero padded decimal number. All days in a new year preceding the first Sunday are considered to be in week 0.

00, 01, …, 53

`%W`

Week number of the year (Monday as the first day of the week) as a decimal number. All days in a new year preceding the first Monday are considered to be in week 0.

00, 01, …, 53

`%c`

Locale’s appropriate date and time representation.

Tue Aug 16 21:30:00 1988 (en_US);Di 16 Aug 21:30:00 1988 (de_DE)

`%x`

Locale’s appropriate date representation.

08/16/88 (None);08/16/1988 (en_US);16.08.1988 (de_DE)

`%X`

Locale’s appropriate time representation.

21:30:00 (en_US);21:30:00 (de_DE)

`%%`

A literal '%' character.

%

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